By identifying grammatical patterns, isolating and defining the root, and reexamining the whole word, students can unlock new words and apply them in correct context. 5. When most people do a word study they will open up Strong's dictionary, look up the word they are studying, read that definition and then move on. By observing the different ways chesed is translated you can begin to get a sense of the different nuances of meaning (e.g., "faithful love," "loyalty," "love," etc). This course will interest anyone who desires to dig deeper into the meaning of the words in their Bible. For particularly important words, you might try to use Englishman's Hebrew Concordance or Englishman's Greek Concordance or WSNT to find all the occurrences of that word in the OT or NT. c. Finally, write out a couple of sentences of what the term means in this particular paragraph or text. 4 lovely appearance: כָּלחַֿסְדּוֺ כְּצִיץ הַשָֹּׁדֶהIsaiah 40:6 all its loveliness as the flower of the field (so Thes Hi De Che Di and others; but δόξα ᵐ5 1Peter 1:24 & gloria ᵑ9 favour an original reading הוֺדוֺ Lo orכְּבֹדוֺ Ew, see BrMP 375; Du הֲדָרוֺ). Don't overlook the value of a simple study of Webster's dictionary when doing WORD STUDIES. B. The Greek word "pneuma" (spirit) is derived from "pneo" (to breathe), but in the Bible the word "pneuma" only occasionally means breath. This course is not suited for Biblical Greek, the language of the New Testament. Israel's national release from oppression by many enemies. Parallel passages may be verbal parallels (in which the same or similar words, phrases, or sentences occur) or idea parallels (in which the same or similar ideas are expressed but in different words). Write down the Hebrew words most often translated by the Greek word under study, along with any illustrations from non-metaphorical examples. They fit together to form a story or a paragraph in a letter (i.e., the big picture). Every saint should seek to become competent in doing basic Bible word studies. 6. By looking at a particular word in its original context(s) and language, one can see the various nuances and meaning that aren’t necessarily apparent in a given English translation. The chapter context answers the question; see. As noted it is always important to examine the context, which you can do by clicking on the verse (e.g., open uses in Exodus and click Exodus 15:13 under Verse Results) and toward the bottom of the new window select Show Context  (see below highlighted in yellow). f. In Ephesians 2:20 the phrase "the apostles and prophets" has only the one article "the." Bible Concordance and Dictionary Resources, How to Use a Bible Concordance and Dictionary, How to Use an Electronic Concordance and Dictionary, About the Ancient Hebrew Lexicon of the Bible, Defining words in the Ancient Hebrew Lexicon, AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Associate. 5. Which form is used depends on which tool you are using. It follows that In order to fully understand the meanings the great doctrines of the faith, one needs to study the specific Greek words that are foundational for that specific doctrine. This two volume set gives you clear directions for use. Through years of study, research and teaching others, I have developed a method of studying Hebrew words that will benefit you in seeking a deeper understanding of the Bible. 4. Does it refer to grace, or to faith, or to salvation? "For" introduces a reason for the preceding statement(s). After much research on this subject he founded the Ancient Hebrew Research Center in 1999 to share his research into the Ancient Hebrew alphabet, language and culture. — חֶסֶד in proper name, masculine ׳בןחֿ see below בֵּן. Find the definition of a word based on the context of how it is used in the Bible. You may well find your own thoughts on the usage of a given term in context to be adequate.]. 126-27 (see page 4a) and Terry, Biblical Hermeneutics, pp. For example, Romans 2:13-15 are parenthetical, and thus 2:16 continues the thought of 2:12. The Word Study New Testament by Ralph D. Winter (2 vols. For illustration, we will do a study on the English word lovingkindness in Exodus 15:13, "In Your lovingkindness You have led the people whom You have redeemed; In Your strength You have guided them to Your holy habitation. b. Sometimes seeing the component parts of a word helps determine its meaning. 1) Vine's lists the word in English according to the King James Version. (Transliterate simply means to spell out the Hebrew word in the English.). 1. See if the meaning these authors have assigned to the word agrees with what you have chosen for it. Description Shalom, my name is Jeff Benner. But the way they are arranged can change the meaning. Through years of study, research and teaching others, I have developed a … How to do a Hebrew Word Study Without Knowing Hebrew … But there is much more to a thorough study of a Hebrew word, which will open up a whole new world to the reader. Sometimes the scope and purpose of the book as a whole must be seen in order to clarify certain words or phrases. Scroll to Strong's number and click for BDB's full definition. Nor does the Greek word "dunamis" (power) mean dynamite. Once we know the original word, then we only need to look up those verses in which this word is used, not all the verses in which other original words are used. Click on the word and choose Interlinear/Concordance. Use sites like dictionary.com, and write down the synonyms that broaden your insight of the word. (For an example of how this is done, see BAGD.). For example, does the word "prophets" in Ephesians 2:20 refer to Old Testament prophets or New Testament prophets? For example, "Ask of Me, and I will surely give the nations as Thy inheritance" (Psalm 2:8) is often misapplied by missionaries and others. In etymology the aim of the student is to get back to the root meaning of a word and to view the word's development in order to see if and how these two factors help determine its meaning. a. For example, "Set your mind on the things above" (Colossians 3:2). 5000 - 5999 Thus the one who will make a covenant with many is the Antichrist (the view of premillennialism), not Christ (the view of amillennialism). : your ability use such tools and perform such in depth study depends upon the skills you have developed and the time you have available for study. Though the Greek wording does not indicate which kind of genitive it is, the latter is more probable. Until you know the meaning of certain words, you will not be able to grasp the meaning of the whole passage. They point to means (through or by), position (in, out, over, under, etc. It has completely shifted how I read the Old Testament, and I will never read the Bible the same way ever again. Have a digital library of free resources that will assist you in digging into the Hebrew language of the Bible. This caveat should not be surprising, for even in English, context is critical to understand what a given word means. Try to specify as clearly as possible how ;the word is used in this passage. a. The word Syntax comes from the Greek "syntassein, " which means "to place in order together." If you desire to dig deep beneath the surface of Scripture, Bible Gateway Plus offers you a unique way to do this.With Bible dictionaries, such as Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old & New Testament Words, you can gain greater insight into the meaning of biblical words to enhance your Bible study—even if you have little to no knowledge of Greek or Hebrew! Romans 4:3 with Hebrews 11:8-10,11-19; and cf. Christ's presence in the air at the Rapture (1Corinthians 15:23; 1Th 2:19; 3:13; 4:15; 5:23; 2Th. The context of the entire Bible (the analogy of faith). j. Locate the listing of the verse you are studying. As objects (of verbs or prepositions) they identify the recipient of the action or mode of being. For example, in Titus 2:2,6 the Greek "sophronein" occurs. What does "faith" mean in each of these verses? Studying that one word was so rich I became convinced everyone needs to know how to do a basic Bible word study! There you will find a handy list of every New Testament verse which uses that Greek word. The word "trunk" comes from the Old English word "tronke" meaning box. Though you have no commentaries and expositions, pray and read, and read and pray. because of the hope laid up" (Colossians 1:3,5). Examples of prepositional phrases from Colossians 1:2 are "of Jesus Christ," "by the will of God," "to the saints," "at Colossae," "from God the Father." Chicago: University of Chicago, 1979. c. It gives not only all the possible meanings of a Greek word; it also gives the Scripture references where the word is used with that meaning. Let me give you an example of improper use of the definition of chesed (2617) in interpreting a passage, by "rephrasing" or "amplifying" Proverbs 14:34 -- "Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is [goodness, kindness in doing favors ] to peoples" Clearly the context of this passage indicates this sense of chesed is totally inappropriate, even absurd! 2. If you know very little Hebrew you may also use an English translation with words keyed to Strong numbers (such as the AMG Hebrew Key Word Study Bible). suffixes; (not in H or P). 3. Have a basic understanding of the philosophy and thought process of the Hebrew people allowing for proper Biblical interpretation. The methods demonstrated in this course will benefit both beginning and advanced students in Hebrew and Biblical Studies. "Let your speech always be with grace ... so that you may know (Colossians 4:6). Clearly for the most complete understanding of a passage, we need to be able to discover which Greek words were used in that text. It is a branch of grammar. Phrases - A phrase consists of a short grammatical group of words without a verb. And by this word you shall prolong your days in the land... Psalm 12:6+ The words of the LORD are pure words; As silver tried in a furnace on the earth, refined seven times. Let’s examine the pictorial meaning of the Hebrew word Adonai. 2. 1. Fee, New Testament Exegesis, 83-93 and especially "How to Use Bauer," 87-89 for a very helpful explanation and example of how to do short word studies.]. You can say that paint "runs" down a wall or that you will "run" a classified add; and you can refer to a "run" on a bank, a long "run" of a Broadway play, or a 10K "run" for charity." B. 1. so walk in Him" (Colossians 2:6). A Compound sentence has at least two independent (and coordinate) clauses. One of my favorite Spurgeon quotes related to the Word of God - It is blessed to eat into the very soul of the Bible until, at last, you come to talk in scriptural language, and your spirit is flavored with the words of the Lord, so that your blood is 'bibline' and the very essence of the Bible flows from you. Several kinds of contexts should be considered. 2) Note that although you do look up the word in English, the English is not keyed to a single Bible version. 2. A thorough study of Hebrew words is essential to unlocking the deeper meanings of the Hebrew Bible. 2. LANGUAGE WORD STUDY I saw it as an opportunity to unlock a new world of Bible study that would give me greater insight for Bible interpretation. What effects did you observe? Be honest with your own abilities and try to build upon them. 2. Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. Then  Click Genesis to open all the uses with the English translation highlighted for easy recognition (eg. Click for a list of over 400 in depth definitions of Hebrew words on this website including many of the more common Greek words. . Know how to navigate through a Hebrew-English interlinear Bible. A Simple sentence has only one independent clause (a subject and a predicate [verb]). He made you alive" (Colossians 2:13). Single words by themselves seldom convey a complete thought. . To do this on your own you might include all or most of the following. Definition [ Brown-Driver-Brigg's | Strong's ]. STEP 2: DETERMINE BROWN-DRIVER-BRIGGS UNABRIDGED DEFINITION, Explanation - Brown-Driver-Briggs (BDB) is considered to be one of the most comprehensive Hebrew lexicons available to the English speaking student and is based on the classic work of Wilhelm Gesenius, the "father of modern Hebrew lexicography." SYNONYMS - Seeing how a word differs from its synonyms can help narrow down the meaning of a given word. . below 2 (or 1); — נַנְשֵׁי חֶסֶד men of piety Isaiah 57:1 (""צַדִּיק); plural pious acts 2Chronicles 32:32; 35:26;Nehemiah 13:14. why do you submit yours lives?" d. The singular "seed" in contrast to the plural "seeds" is important in Paul's argument in Galatians 3:16. e. In Ephesians 2:8 the gender is important in determining what the word "that" (which is the gift of God) refers to. Notice that this reference has nothing to do with YHVH the LORD. Use Logos to find everywhere your commentaries mention the word; Logos has a tool called “Lemma in Passage.” You just look up your word and Logos shows you everywhere your commentaries mentions that original language word. Mid-Week Bible Study Mid-Week Bible Study is where we discuss topics not available outside of HebrewWordStudy.com All-Access. 3. No materials are required to take this course as you will be provided everything you need, but if you have a Bible, dictionary, lexicon, interlinear or other word study related material will be helpful. B. Clauses - A clause is a grammatical unit of words comprised of a subject and predicate (e.g., "the blood ... cleanses," "Christ died," "who has qualified us," "so that you may walk"). His love lasts for a “thousand generations” (Dt. . Should you feel lost in such works, you may want to simply consult Vine's Expository Dictionary which does on occasion include selected OT words in the more recent editions. 3. "Put on a heart of compassion" (Colossians 3:12). The Greek word--whether written in the letters of the Greek alphabet or transliterated into English letters--may appear in either its contextual form or its lexical form. Note that Young's already lists words in groups according to which Hebrew / Aramaic / Greek word is used. of God: kindness, lovingkindness in condescending to the needs of his creatures. In Romans 14:13 an "obstacle" (proskomma) means a slight offense, something that disturbs another, whereas a "stumbling block" (skandalon) means a more serious kind of offense, something causing another to fall. Jeremiah 15:16+ Thy words were found and I ate them, And Thy words became for me a joy and the delight of my heart; For I have been called by Thy name, O LORD God of hosts. Matthew 22:40 = All the OT except the Prophets. Summarize the information given there. STEP 2: Classify these verses into major categories of use. One reader emailed to ask if I had a list of fantastic, amazing, mind blowing Bible words to share. It is one of His most central characteristics. It is the one permanent element in the flux of covenantal history. 7:9; cf. HOW TO DO A FULL-BLOWN WORD STUDY WORKING WITH THE GREEK AND HEBREW. Usage pertains to a use of a word or phrase by an author or author in varied contexts, whereas context refers to the material which precedes and follows the word or phrase. The corollaries of this principle are these: (a) An obscure or ambiguous text should never be interpreted in such a way as to make it contradict a plain one. It reads literally, "Of God we are fellow workers. l. The present tense may refer to something that is permanently true (e.g., "in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form," Colossians 2:9), or continuous ("we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ," Philippians 3:20), or repeated ("when you see a cloud ... you say," Luke 12:54), or habitual ("No one who is born of God sins," I John 3:9), or the future ("They divide my garments," Psalm 22:18). On Leviticus 20:17; Proverbs 14:34 see חֶסֶד below II. Procedure in Discovering the Meaning of a Word. The context of the book. The Old Testament was written primarily in Hebrew, with Aramaic (a closely related language) being used to write parts of Daniel, Ezra, and a verse in Jeremiah. It is a literal treasure chest of material for Bible Study! 1. A little from God is better than a great deal from man. In the case of the Hebrews, who were a nomadic and agrarian people, their language was closely connected to that culture and lifestyle. (1) How do other writers use "almah" (virgin) in Isaiah 7:14? Instead it means a dynamic, active, living force. (2) The Greek word "stoicheia" (elements) means basic components of the universe in II Peter 3:10; elementary or basic truths in Hebrews 5:12; and simplistic teachings or outward acts of religion in Galatians 4:3,9 and Colossians 2:8,20. d. Usage by other writers (contemporary and otherwise) outside the Bible. In Greek, emphasis can be given to words, phrases, or clauses by placing them at the beginning of a sentence (and sometimes at the end) in contrast to the normal word order of subject, verb, and object. c. If you are looking up a New Testament word, this is the most accurate tool you can use for concordance studies. He made a public display" (Colossians 2:15). (c) Note Strong's Number in the Upper Left Corner. a. f. Anacoluthuns (parenthetical statements) need to be kept in mind in understanding the thought of a paragraph. The parts of speech refer to the function of words in a sentence. The Bible prominently uses the term hesed to summarize and characterize a life of sanctification within, and in response to, the covenant. Thus, I have included this summary to help those of you who would like more in-depth material to work with. 2 kindness (especially as extended to the lowly, needy and miserable), mercy Proverbs 20:28; Job 6:14; אישׁ חסד merciful man Proverbs 11:17 (opposed toאַכְזָרִי); ׳מַלְכֵּי ח merciful kings 1 Kings 20:31;׳עשׂה ח Psalm 109:16; in this sense usually with other attributes (see also below II.2); "" אמת Hosea 4:1; Isaiah 16:5; ואמת ׳ח Proverbs 3:3; Proverbs 14:22; Proverbs 16:6; Proverbs 20:28; ואמת ׳עשׂה ח Genesis 24:49; Genesis 47:29; Joshua 2:14 (J; RV gives thse under 1); "" צדקה Hosea 10:12; ׳צדקה וח Proverbs 21:21; "" משׁפט Micah 6:8; ומשׁפט ׳חs Hos 12:7; "" חוֺנֵן Psalm 109:12; ורחמים ׳חZechariah 7:9; Daniel 1:9. But this would contradict the entire tenor of Scripture, which is inspired by God "who cannot lie." "If you have been raised up with Christ, keep seeking (Colossians 3:1). Look up the English word in Young's. Classical Greek usage is important to gain a view of the background of the term in its original languages, It often allows us to see some of its more concrete usage's, while the NT tends to use terms in more theological or metaphorical usage's. A briefer and far less expensive option is the Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words by W. E. Vine (various publishers). Now what if the context includes the word "tree"? . When you do a word study, write down the full definition of the word you are studying. When most people do a word study they will open up Strong's dictionary, look up the word they are studying, read that definition and then move on. They are connectives, joining words, phrases, or clauses, to show connection (and), continuation (and, then), contrast (but, except), inference (then, so, therefore), explanation (for instance), cause (because, for), intensity (besides, even), or addition (also). (Source for word studies: Moulton and Milligan [M&M].) One of the things I did as I prepared for the course is a word study. This is the category of meaning you will choose for the word in your verse. 5. Or a big, gray mammal? This 1897 work on the Hebrew synonyms examines 127 Hebrew terms (e.g., altar, almighty, atonement, etc). "I say this in order that no one may delude you" (Colossians 2:4). Writing a paper on a biblical word can feel overwhelming at first, but it doesn’t have to. Close parallels exist between Kings and Chronicles, between the accounts in the Gospels, between Romans and Galatians, between Ephesians and Colossians, between II Peter and Jude, between Daniel and Revelation, and between single passages (e.g., cf. One can obviously go into great depth if one wishes and spend several years doing an authoritative word study. I also like to use blueletterbible.org look up the words in the original Greek or Hebrew. I am with you in spirit " (Colossians 2:5). Discover the meaning of each key word (see the five points above under "A") and how they contribute to the meaning of the sentence. STEP 4: CHECK VINE'S DICTIONARY OF OT WORDS. Useful sources might include BDB, L&S, BAGD.). There are no requirements for taking this course, except for a desire to expand your knowledge of the Bible. (life, healing, shield, nourishment, power, joy and delight, more valuable than our necessary food). . Note also that Vine does not have an entry for all OT words, in contrast with the BDB which has definitions for all the Hebrew words. (d) Note that beneath the Strong's Number is the transliterated Hebrew Word chesed (also spelled hesed, heced in other lexicons). Sometimes a word in its development or history takes on an entirely different meaning From what it originally meant. (Job's "secret" for survival), Related Resource: The Word of God - Quotations and Illustrations. b). C. Discover the Meanings of Similar and Opposite Words (Synonyms and Antonyms). I am the founder of the Ancient Hebrew Research Center and have written over a dozen books on Biblical Hebrew including the Mechanical Translation of Genesis and Exodus and the Ancient Hebrew Lexicon of the Bible. Of both apostles and prophets '' in each instance by noting how it is used college ago... 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